GMAT语法题例题讲解

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GMAT语法题又是考生们颇为头疼的烦恼之一。那位会问,我们中国学生语法功底都挺雄厚的,怎么还怕GMAT语法题呢?其实,GMAT语法题所要考查的能力,远非记住几个语法常态那么简单,GMAT语法题是需要考生仔细琢磨和研究的。GMAT如何复习?GMAT语法题又该如何搞定?本文这就为您揭开谜题。

GMAT语法题例题讲解-GMAT考题大师

1. Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxideswith atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids.

(A)with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

(B)with atmospheric water vapor producing highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

(C)and atmospheric water vapor which has produced highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

(D)and atmospheric water vapor which have produced sulfuric and nitric acids which are highly corrosive

(E)and atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

这道题目的考查对象为between…and…这一常见的固定搭配,用来连接两个名词或名词短语,本题对考生的干扰主要在于sulfur dioxide和nitrogen oxides中间已经出现了一个and,有些考生就想到GMAT语法要求句子简明,那么连用and肯定不合适,首先将C,D和E排除掉了。但是如果用with,整句话逻辑关系不通,这个错误当然要比用词重复严重得多,相比之下还是选择使语意合乎逻辑的选项,正确答案为E。我们不选C和D的理由并不是由于句子不简洁,而是其逻辑关系有误。

2. A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present butthat they will,or could,be made sufficiently safe in the future.

(A)that they will,or could,

(B)that they would,or could,

(C)they will be or could,

(D)think that they will be or could

(E)think the power stations would or could

题干中的but表转折关系,在对选项进行比较时A,B,C比较容易吸引考生眼球,因为它们与划线句相似,D和E凭空多出个think,让人感觉难以接受,但是如果仅仅以这个理由进行排除显然是证据不足的。我们应该先分析原句结构,抓住主线,该句属于平行结构形式,D和E中的think与view在意思上形成对应,所以我们不应对这两个答案带有任何偏见,而应一视同仁。根据GMAT语法原则,不能随意省略成分,否则句意就会出现ambiguity。比较五个选项,只有D的句意表达最完整。而为什么要使用think一词我们大可不必去追究,这只是无关痛痒的小问题。

以上就是小编为大家带来的GMAT语法例题讲解,希望大家从讲解中能获得帮助,好好运用到考试中,取得满意的成绩。

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