GMAT考题 OG2019-SC-801,SC句子改错真题解析

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今天分享一个SC句子改错真题解析。

SC句子改错原题

题目:Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

选项:

A,requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect

B,requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

C,that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect

D,to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting

E,to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

正确答案是:B

OG2019-SC-801真题解析

题目分析:
本题考生需要看出划线部分身前的their compliance with laws是一个句子的名物化结果,原句为:
They comply with laws requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets

选项分析:

A选项:saying身后的宾语从句that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles的主语的核心词是compliance,是一个单数名词,所以该宾语从句的谓语动词也应该是一个单数名词,即,protects。因此,本选项犯了主谓一致的错误。

B选项:Correct. 本选项在语法和逻辑上均是正确的。

C选项:主谓一致错误同(A)。

D选项:不定式短语to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets应改为现在分词短语requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets,这点考查了“不定式和ing的区别”,用之于本题,主句“遵纪守法”对“法律规定”的发生与否没有任何影响(你遵守还是不遵守法律,对法律本身规定了什么没有影响),因此只能用ing短语做定语修饰laws;主谓一致错误同(A)。请注意,这里的compliance with laws是comply with laws的名词化形式,所以由于不定式短语to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets是laws的定语,所以它的主句是comply(compliance)。

E选项:不定式短语错误同(D)。

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