GMAT考题OG2019-CR-593,CR批判性推理真题解析

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A prominent investor who holds a large stake in the Burton Tool Company has recently claimed that the company is mismanaged, citing as evidence the company’s failure to slow down production in response to a recent rise in its inventory of finished products. It is doubtful whether an investor’s sniping at management can ever be anything other than counterproductive, but in this case,it is clearly not justified. It is true that an increased inventory of finished products often indicates that production is outstripping demand, but in Burton’s case it indicates no such thing. Rather, the increase in inventory is entirely attributable to products that have already been assigned to orders received from customers.
In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

A. The first states a generalization that underlies the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second provides evidence to show that the generalization does not apply in the case at issue.

B. The first states a generalization that underlies the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second clarifies the meaning of a specific phrase as it is used in that generalization.

C.  The first provides evidence to support the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second is evidence that has been used to support the position that the argument as a whole opposes.

D. The first provides evidence to support the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second states that conclusion.

E. The first and the second each provide evidence against the position that the argument as a whole opposes.

正确答案:A

情景:一个在BT公司持有大量股份的杰出投资者最近声称,这个公司管理有问题,其证据为公司面对越来越多的成品存货没能放慢生产。确实增加的成品存货通常意味着供大于求,但是在BT公司这个例子里,没有这回事儿。相反,增加的存货是针对已经被消费者订购的订单的。

推理:整段话的结论是“it is clearly notjustified”。第一句黑体无法支持结论;第二句黑体解释并支持了主结论。

选项分析:

A选项:正确。第一句陈述了一个概括,这个概括是整段话反对的那个结论的基础;第二句说明了这个概括不适用于我们讨论的那个例子:整段话反驳的就是这个投资者的结论“mismanaged”,第一句黑体是支持投资者的结论的。

B选项:第一句陈述了一个概括,这个概括是整段话反对的那个结论的基础;第二句明确了用于这个概括的术语的意义:两句黑体的论调是反的——一个反对主结论一个支持。

C选项:第一句提供了支持主结论的证据;第二句是反对主结论的结论的证据:反了。

D选项:第一句提供了支持主结论的证据;第二句就是那个结论:两句话的方向不一样。

E选项:两句话都提供了证据来反对整段话要反对的那个结论(其实就是支持主结论):两句话的方向不一样。

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